V is for Vulture #atozchallenge

Vulture11

A to Z April 2017  Challenge – Animals Birds & Insects Pantoum Poetry

Photo Credit. – Vulture getting ready to strike a dying prey, Kenya

26 April 2017 – V is for Vulture

Vulture is a large, carnivorous bird that is well known for its scavenging nature
There are thought to be nearly thirty different species of vultures worldwide
Vultures, found in Asia, Europe, and Africa, thought to be closely related to eagles and hawks
A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of normal feathers.

There are thought to be nearly thirty different species of vultures worldwide
The new world vultures tend to be slightly smaller than the old world vultures
A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of normal feathers.
Vultures have been observed to hunch their bodies and tuck in their heads in the cold

The new world vultures tend to be slightly smaller than the old world vultures
Now it is believed that the bare skin may play an important role in thermoregulation
Vultures have been observed to hunch their bodies and tuck in their heads in the cold
The vultures have now been seen to open their wings and stretch their necks in the heat.

Now it is believed that the bare skin may play an important role in thermoregulation
All vultures scavenge for their food whenever possible rather than killing it themselves
The vultures have now been seen to open their wings and stretch their necks in the heat.
A group of vultures is called a wake, committee, kettle, venue, or volt.

All vultures scavenge for their food whenever possible rather than killing it themselves
Vultures generally fairly solitary animals, but groups are often seen circling prey from the sky
A group of vultures is called a wake, committee, kettle, venue, or volt.
Wake is reserved for a group of vultures that are feeding.

Vultures generally fairly solitary animals, but groups are often seen circling prey from the sky
The term kettle refers to vultures in flight, while committee refers to vultures resting in trees.
Wake is reserved for a group of vultures that are feeding.
The Ruppell vulture is considered to be monogamous, forming lifelong breeding pairs.

The term kettle refers to vultures in flight, while committee refers to vultures resting in trees.
After courtship, the pair will work together to build a nest using sticks, grass, and leaves
The Ruppell vulture is considered to be monogamous, forming lifelong breeding pairs.
Both parents share in incubation of their egg over a period of 55 days.

After courtship, the pair will work together to build a nest using sticks, grass, and leaves
Once the chick hatches, both parents will feed and tend to it for about 150 days when it fledges
Both parents share in incubation of their egg over a period of 55 days.
Young remain dependent on their parents after fledging until the next breeding season.

Once the chick hatches, both parents will feed and tend to it for about 150 days when it fledges
Vultures, found in Asia, Europe, and Africa, thought to be closely related to eagles and hawks
Young remain dependent on their parents after fledging, until the next breeding season.
Vulture is a large, carnivorous bird that is well known for its scavenging nature.

What thermoregulation means? – It is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.

V

How to write Pantoum Poetry

U is for Uguisu – Japanese Bush Warbler #atozchallenge

685px-Cettia_diphone_crying

A to Z April 2017  Challenge – Animals Birds & Insects Pantoum Poetry

Photo Credit

25 April 2017 – U is for Uguisu – Japanese Bush Warbler – a Bird

The Uguisu is a small species of bird that is natively found throughout Japan China and Taiwan
Also commonly known as the Japanese Bush-Warbler, named for its beautiful distinctive song
The Japanese bush warbler is olive brown above and tending toward dusky colors below
The Uguisu has thin legs with long, clawed toes to help them grip onto branches more easily

Also commonly known as the Japanese Bush-Warbler, named for its beautiful distinctive song
Uguisu has small dark eyes and pale stripes above each one, straight, tan colored beak
The Uguisu has thin legs with long, clawed toes to help them grip onto branches more easily
The tail is relatively long in relation to its body size and is comprised of straight feathers

Uguisu has small dark eyes and pale stripes above each one, straight, tan colored beak
It is a relatively solitary bird with individuals only really coming together during breeding season
The tail is relatively long in relation to its body size and is comprised of straight feathers
Its distinctive breeding call can be heard throughout much of Japan from the start of spring.

It is a relatively solitary bird with individuals only really coming together during breeding season
The female constructs a cup-shaped nest in dense thicket of twigs, leaves, and moss
Its distinctive breeding call can be heard throughout much of Japan from the start of spring.
She lays up to five small eggs, sits on them herself, takes two to three weeks to hatch

The female constructs a cup-shaped nest in dense thicket of twigs, leaves, and moss
In summer it ranges from low hills to high mountains, preferring bamboo thickets and black pine trees.
She lays up to five small eggs, sits on them herself, takes two to three weeks to hatch
The chicks are fed and cared for by their mother until they fledge at around two weeks old

In summer it ranges from low hills to high mountains, preferring bamboo thickets and black pine trees.
The Japanese bush warbler is olive brown above and tending toward dusky colors below
The chicks are fed and cared for by their mother until they fledge at around two weeks old
The Uguisu is a small species of bird that is natively found throughout Japan China and Taiwan.

U

How to write Pantoum Poetry http://shadowpoetry.com/resources/wip/pantoum.html

T is for Tuatara #atozchallenge

Sphenodon_punctatus_in_Waikanae,_New_Zealand

A to Z April 2017  Challenge – Animals Birds & Insects Pantoum Poetry

Photo Credit

24 April 2017 – T is for Tuatara

Tuatara is a small to medium sized reptiles endemic to New Zealand, can live well over 100 years
Although resembling most lizards, they are part of a distinct lineage, the order Rhynchocephalia
Tuatara are greenish brown and gray, and measure up to 80 cm (31 in) from head to tail-tip
Today the tuatara is nearly extinct on the mainland of New Zealand, only living on small island around NZ

Although resembling most lizards, they are part of a distinct lineage, the order Rhynchocephalia
Their dentition, in which two rows of teeth in the upper jaw overlap one row on the lower jaw
Today the tuatara is nearly extinct on the mainland of New Zealand, only living on small island around NZ
They are even more unusual in having a pronounced photoreceptive eye, the “third eye”

Their dentition, in which two rows of teeth in the upper jaw overlap one row on the lower jaw
The tuatara also has a spiny crest along the back, especially pronounced in males.
They are even more unusual in having a pronounced photoreceptive eye, the “third eye”
They are able to hear, although no external ear is present, also have excellent vision

The tuatara also has a spiny crest along the back, especially pronounced in males.
Have a number of unique features in their skeleton, apparently evolutionarily retained from fish.
They are able to hear, although no external ear is present, also have excellent vision
Their diet consists of frogs, lizards, and bird’s eggs, chicks, beetles, crickets, and spiders.

Have a number of unique features in their skeleton, apparently evolutionarily retained from fish.
Tuatara reproduces is very slowly, taking 10 to 20 years to reach sexual maturity.
Their diet consists of frogs, lizards, and bird’s eggs, chicks, beetles, crickets, and spiders
Mating occurs in midsummer; females mate and lay eggs once every four years.

Tuatara reproduces is very slowly, taking 10 to 20 years to reach sexual maturity.
Males don’t have a penis, reproducing by the male lifting the female tail and placing his vent over hers.
Mating occurs in midsummer; females mate and lay eggs once every four years
Tuatara eggs have a soft, parchment-like shell which she digs and lays into the ground

Males don’t have a penis, reproducing by the male lifting the female tail and placing his vent over hers.
Females take between 1 and 3 years to provide eggs with yolk, up to seven months to form the shell.
Tuatara eggs have a soft, parchment-like shell which she digs and lays into the ground
It then takes between 12 and 15 months from copulation to hatching.

Females take between 1 and 3 years to provide eggs with yolk, up to seven months to form the shell.
Wild tuatara are known to be still reproducing at about 60 years of age
It then takes between 12 and 15 months from copulation to hatching.
This means reproduction occurs at two- to five-year intervals, the slowest in any reptile

Wild tuatara are known to be still reproducing at about 60 years of age
Tuatara are greenish brown and gray, and measure up to 80 cm (31 in) from head to tail-tip
This means reproduction occurs at two- to five-year intervals, the slowest in any reptile
Tuatara is a small to medium sized reptiles endemic to New Zealand, can live well over 100 years.

Interesting facts:

“Henry”, a male tuatara at Southland Museum in Invercargill, New Zealand, became a father (possibly for the first time) on 23 January 2009, at the age of 111.

Tuatara probably has the slowest growth rates of any reptile, continuing to grow larger for the first 35 years of their lives.

The average lifespan is about 60 years, but they can live to be well over 100 years old. Some experts believe that captive tuatara could live as long as 200 years.

During routine maintenance work at Karori Sanctuary in late 2008, a tuatara nest was uncovered, with a hatchling found the following autumn.

This is thought to be the first case of tuatara successfully breeding on the New Zealand mainland in over 200 years, outside of captive rearing facilities.

T

How to write Pantoum Poetryhttp://shadowpoetry.com/resources/wip/pantoum.html

S is for Scorpion #atozchallenge

Scorpionwithyoung

A to Z April 2017  Challenge – Animals Birds & Insects Pantoum Poetry

Photo CreditFemale Scorpion with young on her back

22 April 2017 – S is for Scorpion

Scorpions are predatory arachnids of the order Scorpiones. They have eight legs
They are found worldwide, they are not insects, they are closely related to spiders and ticks
Only about 25 of these species are known to have venom capable of killing a human being
Scorpions are easily recognized by the pair of grasping pedipalps and the narrow, segmented tail

They are found worldwide, they are not insects, they are closely related to spiders and ticks
Tail often carried in a characteristic forward curve over the back ending with a venomous stinger
They are easily recognized by the pair of grasping pedipalps and the narrow, segmented tail
Scorpions number about 1750 described species, with 13 extant families recognized to date

Tail often carried in a characteristic forward curve over the back ending with a venomous stinger
Scorpion stings are painful usually harmless to humans, treatment is not needed for healthy adults
Scorpions number about 1750 described species, with 13 extant families recognized to date
More harmful stings from species in South America, Africa, western Asia, may require medical attention

Scorpion stings are painful usually harmless to humans, treatment is not needed for healthy adults
They are generally nocturnal animals meaning they spend the day under rocks and in crevices
More harmful stings from species in South America, Africa, western Asia, may require medical attention
Most scorpions reproduce sexually, and most species have male and female individuals.

They are generally nocturnal animals meaning they spend the day under rocks and in crevices
Scorpions are carnivorous animals and paralyze their prey, coming out to hunt in the safety of darkness
Female scorpions give birth to live young in litters, ranging from four to eight or nine baby scorpions
Most scorpions reproduce sexually, and most species have male and female individuals.

Scorpions are carnivorous animals and paralyze their prey, coming out to hunt in the safety of darkness
Once the mating is complete, the male and female will separate. The male will generally retreat quickly
Most scorpions reproduce sexually, and most species have male and female individuals.
Sexual reproduction is accomplished by the transfer of a spermatophore from the male to the female

Once the mating is complete, the male and female will separate. The male will generally retreat quickly
The young are born one by one after hatching and expelling the embryonic membrane if any
Sexual reproduction is accomplished by the transfer of a spermatophore from the male to the female
The brood is carried about on its mother’s back until the young have undergone at least one molt.

The young are born one by one after hatching and expelling the embryonic membrane if any
The baby scorpion climbs onto the back of the mother scorpion almost immediately after birth
The brood is carried about on its mother’s back until the young have undergone at least one molt.
The mother scorpion will look after her babies until they are able to hunt for themselves

The baby scorpion climbs onto the back of the mother scorpion almost immediately after birth
They depend on her for protection and to regulate their moisture levels, cannot survive without her
The mother scorpion will look after her babies until they are able to hunt for themselves
Scorpions typically require between five and seven molts to reach maturity.

They depend on her for protection and to regulate their moisture levels, cannot survive without her
Only about 25 of these species are known to have venom capable of killing a human being
Scorpions typically require between five and seven molts to reach maturity.
Scorpions are easily recognized by the pair of grasping pedipalps and the narrow, segmented tail.

S

Interesting information

Some species of scorpions reproduce through parthenogenesis, a process in which unfertilized eggs develop into living embryos.

Parthenogenic reproduction starts following the scorpion’s final molt to maturity and continues thereafter.

How to write Pantoum Poetry  http://shadowpoetry.com/resources/wip/pantoum.html

R is for Rattlesnake #atozchallenge

799px-Rattlesnake_Dance_01

A to Z April 2017  Challenge – Animals Birds & Insects Pantoum Poetry

Photo CreditTwo male Northern Pacific rattlesnakes engaged in a “combat dance”

21 April 2017 – R is for Rattlesnake

Rattlesnakes are a group of venomous snakes of the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus
Thirty-six known species of rattlesnakes and have between sixty-five and seventy subspecies
Iconic group of snakes due to the characteristic “rattle” found at the tip of the tail
Rattlesnakes hunt and consume mice, rats, small birds, and other small animals like rabbits

Thirty-six known species of rattlesnakes and have between sixty-five and seventy subspecies
Males of some species, such as timber rattlesnakes fight each other during the mating season
Rattlesnakes hunt and consume mice, rats, small birds, and other small animals like rabbits
Their prey is killed quickly with a venomous bite as opposed to constriction

Males of some species, such as timber rattlesnakes fight each other during the mating season
If the bitten prey moves away before dying, the rattlesnake can follow it by its scent
Their prey is killed quickly with a venomous bite as opposed to constriction
Prey is ingested head-first, allowing wings and limbs to fold at the joints minimizing the meal

If the bitten prey moves away before dying, the rattlesnake can follow it by its scent
Gastric fluids of rattlesnakes are extremely powerful, allowing digestion of flesh and bone
Prey is ingested head-first, allowing wings and limbs to fold at the joints minimizing the meal
An adequate meal, the snake finds a warm, safe location and coils up until the prey is digested

Gastric fluids of rattlesnakes are extremely powerful, allowing digestion of flesh and bone
Although many kinds of snakes and other reptiles are oviparous (lay eggs)
An adequate meal, the snake finds a warm, safe location and coils up until the prey is digested
Rattlesnakes are ovoviviparous (give birth to live young after carrying eggs inside)

Although many kinds of snakes and other reptiles are oviparous (lay eggs)
Females can store semen for months in internal recesses known as spermathecae
Rattlesnakes are ovoviviparous (give birth to live young after carrying eggs inside)
Which permits them to mate during the fall, but not fertilize the ova until the following spring

Females can store semen for months in internal recesses known as spermathecae
Females often remain with their young in nests for several weeks parenting their broods
Rattlesnakes are ovoviviparous (give birth to live young after carrying eggs inside)
Any bite by a rattlesnake must be considered a life-threatening medical emergency.

Females often remain with their young in nests for several weeks parenting their broods
Iconic group of snakes due to the characteristic “rattle” found at the tip of the tail
Any bite by a rattlesnake must be considered a life-threatening medical emergency
Rattlesnakes are a group of venomous snakes of the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus.

R

How to write Pantoum Poetry http://shadowpoetry.com/resources/wip/pantoum.html

Q is for Quail #atozchallenge

724px-Brown_Quail

A to Z April 2017  Challenge – Animals Birds & Insects Pantoum Poetry

Photo Credit. – The Brown Quail

20 April 2017 – Q is for Quail

The common quail is a small ground-nesting game bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae
It inhabits woodlands and forest areas around the world, more than 15 different species
Its characteristic call of “wet my lips”, this species of quail is more often heard than seen.
It is a small, rounded bird, essentially streaked brown with a white eyestripe

It inhabits woodlands and forest areas around the world, more than 15 different species
This is a terrestrial species, feeding on seeds and insects on the ground
Its characteristic call of “wet my lips”, this species of quail is more often heard than seen.
It is  difficult to see, keeping hidden in crops, reluctant to fly, preferring to creep away instead

This is a terrestrial species, feeding on seeds and insects on the ground
Often the only indication of its presence is the distinctive “wet-my-lips”  song of the male.
It is difficult to see, keeping hidden in crops, reluctant to fly, preferring to creep away instead
Lays 6-12 eggs in a ground nest. The eggs take from 16–18 days to hatch.

Often the only indication of its presence is the distinctive “wet-my-lips” song of the male
Upon attaining an age of 6–8 weeks, this quail breeds on open arable farmland and grassland
Lays 6-12 eggs in a ground nest. The eggs take from 16–18 days to hatch.
Quail eggs are considered a delicacy in many parts of the world

Upon attaining an age of 6–8 weeks, this quail breeds on open arable farmland and grassland
The brown quail has been introduced to New Zealand it has been of least concern by threatened species
Quail eggs are considered a delicacy in many parts of the world, sometimes used raw or cooked
The brown quail is a plump, stocky bird growing to a length of 17 to 22 centimeters

The brown quail has been introduced to New Zealand it has been of least concern by threatened species
In New Zealand, it is found at altitudes up to 1,000 meters (3,300 ft) introduced in the 1860s and 1870s
Quail eggs are considered a delicacy in many parts of the world, sometimes used raw or cooked
Newly hatched chicks are precocial and are cared for by both parents for a while

In New Zealand, it is found at altitudes up to 1,000 meters (3,300 ft) introduced in the 1860s and 1870s
The male taking on the caring role after two weeks to allow the female to start on the next clutch of eggs
Newly hatched chicks are precocial and are cared for by both parents for a while
There is an extended breeding season with clutches of half a dozen or more eggs being laid

The male taking on the caring role after two weeks to allow the female to start on the next clutch of eggs
With its characteristic call of “wet my lips”, this species of quail is more often heard than seen
There is an extended breeding season with clutches of half a dozen or more eggs being laid
The common quail is a small ground-nesting game bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae.

Q

How to write Pantoum Poetry http://shadowpoetry.com/resources/wip/pantoum.html

P is for Pheasant #atozchallenge

800px-Pheasant

A to Z April 2017  Challenge – Animals Birds & Insects Pantoum Poetry

Photo Credit  – Male Pheasant

19 April 2017 – P is for Pheasant

Pheasants are birds of several genera within the subfamily Phasianinae
They can be found all over the world, more than 35 different species of pheasant
The best-known is the common pheasant, which is widespread throughout the world
The female pheasant known as a hen is dull in comparison, it is brown or gray in color

They can be found all over the world, more than 35 different species of pheasant
Males being highly decorated with bright colors and adornments such as wattles
The female pheasant known as a hen is dull in comparison, it is brown or gray in color
Males are usually larger than females and have longer tails.

Males being highly decorated with bright colors and adornments such as wattles
Males play no part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects
Males are usually larger than females and have longer tails.
They also eat berries, fruit, worms and occasionally small reptiles such as lizards

Males play no part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects.
Humans hunt the pheasant for meat and the males for their colorful feathers
They also eat berries, fruit, worms and occasionally small reptiles such as lizards
Female pheasant lays between eight and twelve eggs per clutch which are large in size

Humans hunt the pheasant for meat and the males for their colorful feathers
The eggs hatch after an incubation of just under a month by the mother
Female pheasant lays between eight and twelve eggs per clutch which are large in size
Chicks are nursed and fed by the hen pheasant until they fly away at just a few weeks old

The eggs hatch after an incubation of just under a month by the mother
The best-known is the common pheasant, which is widespread throughout the world
Chicks are nursed and fed by the hen pheasant until they fly away at just a few weeks old
Pheasants are birds of several genera within the subfamily Phasianinae.

P

How to write Pantoum Poetry  http://shadowpoetry.com/resources/wip/pantoum.html